There is a fundamental distinction between the term poem and the term poetry. In many cases, they are used as Lynn’s “poetry”, all ludes to the literary genre and poetic compositions. It is correct to use it in both ways. For example, Poetry was my grandfather’s favourite genre, or I have written a poem, but I d, don’t dare to show it.
On the other hand, the term “poem” always refers to poetic composition. For example, We should write a poem for Thursday’s literature class.
Generally, and it is recommended to avoid misunderstandings, the term “poetry” is used to refer to art or literarrefers resulting composition.
Poetic Genre Resources
Poetic resources, literary resources or literary figures are the different words that the author uses to enrich or give the poem its own aesthetic. Among the most used:
- Comparison. A natural element and an imaginary one are taken, and a relationship is established between them; both are usually joined with the word “like”. For example, My cousin’s dog has a round face like the moon.
Antithesis. Two words, ideas or phrases that express the opposite are joined. For example, I am hot and cold.
- Metaphor. The meaning of one word is transferred to another due to the similarity or relationship between two concepts. For example, The lawyer and the accused sparked each other during the trial.
- Personification. Human qualities are attributed to other living beings or objects. For example, The tree mourned the loss of its leaves.
- Hyperbole. Qualities or characteristics of a subject or object are exaggerated. For example, I’m going to sleep; I’m dead sleepy.
- Synesthesia. Sensations from different senses are combined in the text. For example That night a dark silence passed through me.,
- Alliteration. One or more of the same sounds are repeated within a sentence. For example, Your silence feels lonely in your place.
- Onomatopoeia. Words imitate the sounds caused by specific actions. For example, Ring, the phone rings.
- Anaphora. A word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of each verse. For example, We will go together until the end, we will go, even if nobody wants to see us.
- Hyperbaton. The logical syntactic order of a sentence is altered. For example: At night, he went shopping at the store.
- Oxymoron. Two opposite concepts are used in a sentence or phrase. For example, Silent noise invaded everything.
- Synecdoche. The whole is called by one part, or vice versa, the species by the genus, vice versa, or the material by the object. For example, Switzerland beat Spain in the playoff (Switzerland and Spain refer to the players).
- Parallelism. A particular syntactic structure is repeated in two lines or parts of the text to generate rhythm. For example, Cool days, wand arm nights.
- Pleonasm. Redundant terms are included. For example, We go upstairs to find a place t spend the night.
Ellipse. A word is deliberately omitted. For example, I am Brazilian, from Bolivia.